波少野结衣-Parents Paid to Open College Doors. Now They’re Spending to Limit Prison Time.

    波多野吉衣哪部露了-Some parents who have pleaded guilty in the admissions fraud case are turning to consultants and doctors in an effort to secure lenient sentences.

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    CreditCreditElise Amendola/Associated Press

    色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-BOSTON — One parent, hoping to avoid prison in the nation’s largest-ever college admissions fraud case, stood before the judge with an elaborate proposal for a community service project: He could make amends, the parent’s lawyers offered, by designing and raising funds for a “cutting-edge” collaboration between the Special Olympics and private schools.

  • 色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-To reinforce the point, he submitted a polished video recounting his past charitable work, featuring praise from Special Olympics officials, montages of celebrating athletes and a gold medalist describing the defendant as “my neighbor and my best friend.”

    色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-Another father submitted a 34-page report from a sought-after Los Angeles criminologist and court consultant — whose past clients include Tupac Shakur and Mike Tyson — detailing how a difficult childhood had left the father susceptible to being manipulated into joining the corrupt admissions scheme.



    波多野结衣一二三级-Sentencing has begun for parents who have pleaded guilty to using their wealth to boost their children’s chances: paying to rig entrance-exam scores, securing athletic-recruit status through bribery. Now some of those parents are using their resources to boost their own chances of getting a lenient sentence, by marshaling the best possible experts and the best possible arguments, some of which bear a trace of the extracurricular résumé-polishing of college applicants.

    色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-One parent has hired a consultant to tell his life story. Others have obtained letters from doctors and submitted them under seal. Some have pointed to the losses they have already suffered — of high-paying or fulfilling jobs, of once-sterling reputations — to make a case for lesser punishments.





    波少野结衣-The strategy is not without risk.

































    波多野结衣露出作品-Chain of Bribes: The College Admissions Scandal

    波少野结衣-Prosecutors have charged more than 50 parents, coaches and others in the Justice Department's largest-ever college admissions case. Many have pleaded not guilty.

    波多野结衣一二三级-EACH CIRCLE



    波多野结衣一二三级-REPRESENTS







  • 色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-ONE PERSON

































    波多野结衣一二三级-Edge College and Career Network

    波少野结衣-PRESIDENT

  • 波多野吉衣哪部露了-William Singer

  • 波少野结衣-EMPLOYEES

    波多野结衣一二三级-Test Cheating Scheme





    Prosecutors say Mr. Singer bribed standardized test administrators to let an SAT expert correct students’ answers or take the test in a student’s place.

    色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-Athletic Recruitment Scheme





                                                                    波少野结衣-Prosecutors say Mr. Singer bribed an athletics official and coaches at several universities to accept unqualified students based on false documents.

                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-Alleged

                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-bribes

                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-STANDARDIZED TEST

                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-ADMINISTRATORS









                                                                    • 波多野吉衣哪部露了-ATHLETIC DIRECTORS







                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-AND COACHES

                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-AT THESE SCHOOLS:

                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-Los Angeles

                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-Yale



                                                                      波少野结衣-Houston





                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-U.C.L.A.

                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-Stanford









                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-University



















                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-of Southern

                                                                                      波少野结衣-California

                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-SAT EXPERT

                                                                                    1. 波多野结衣一二三级-Georgetown

                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-Wake Forest

                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-INTERMEDIARY

                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-University



















                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-of Texas

                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-University



















                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-of San Diego





                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-(unindicted)

                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野吉衣哪部露了-PARENTS

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-TEST CHEATING SCHEME

                                                                                                                                                                                      Prosecutors say the actress Felicity Huffman and 11 other parents paid Mr. Singer between $15,000 and $100,000.

                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-ATHLETIC RECRUITMENT SCHEME

                                                                                                                                                                                      Prosecutors say the actress Lori Loughlin and 14 other parents paid Mr. Singer between $100,000 and $500,000.

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-BOTH

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-SCHEMES

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-8 parents

































                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-Edge College and Career Network

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-PRESIDENT

















































































                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野吉衣哪部露了-William Singer





                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-EMPLOYEES

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-Alleged bribes

                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-Test Cheating Scheme









                                                                                                                                                                                      Prosecutors say Mr. Singer bribed standardized test administrators to let an SAT expert correct students’ answers or take the test in a student’s place.

                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-STANDARDIZED TEST

                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-ADMINISTRATORS

                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-Los Angeles

                                                                                                                                                                                              波少野结衣-Houston

                                                                                                                                                                                              波多野结衣露出作品-Each circle





                                                                                                                                                                                              波多野结衣露出作品-represents

                                                                                                                                                                                              波多野结衣露出作品-one person





                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-SAT EXPERT



                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野吉衣哪部露了-Athletic Recruitment Scheme

                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-Prosecutors say Mr. Singer bribed an athletics official and coaches at several universities to accept unqualified students based on false documents.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-ATHLETIC DIRECTORS

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-AND COACHES

                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野结衣一二三级-Alleged

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-bribes

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-AT THESE SCHOOLS:

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-Yale

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-U.C.L.A.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-Stanford



                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-University









































                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-of Southern

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-California

                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-Georgetown

                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-Wake Forest

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-INTERMEDIARY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-University









































                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-of Texas

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-University









































                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-of San Diego

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-(unindicted)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波少野结衣-PARENTS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-TEST CHEATING SCHEME



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Prosecutors say the actress Felicity Huffman and 11 other parents paid Mr. Singer between $15,000 and $100,000.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-BOTH



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-SCHEMES





                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-8 parents

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-ATHLETIC RECRUITMENT SCHEME

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Prosecutors say the actress Lori Loughlin and 14 other parents paid Mr. Singer between $100,000 and $500,000.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野吉衣哪部露了-By The New York Times

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-“That case is already a case about privilege,” said Shon Hopwood, an associate professor of law at Georgetown, “and so, if I was the defense team, I would be very careful about how I present it in a courtroom.”





































                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-Judge Indira Talwani of the District of Massachusetts, who is sentencing most of the parents who have pleaded guilty in the case, has expressed impatience, and even incredulity, at some of the arguments and materials presented to her.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波少野结衣-The parent who proposed the community service project, Devin Sloane, is a Los Angeles businessman who acknowledged that he arranged photos of his son posing in freshly purchased water polo gear in the family pool, as part of a $250,000 scheme to get him admitted to the University of Southern California by passing him off as a recruit for the water polo team.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-When one of Mr. Sloane’s lawyers told the judge that his proposed project, in which private school students would play sports with children with disabilities, would bring “the values of inclusion, anti-bullying and diversity directly to the independent school children, who are the focus of this case,” Judge Talwani stopped him, saying that the remarks were “about as tone-deaf as I’ve heard.”

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野吉衣哪部露了-She also expressed irritation at the report from the criminologist, which was submitted by Stephen Semprevivo, another Los Angeles businessman. Mr. Semprevivo has admitted that he paid $400,000 to get his son admitted to Georgetown as a tennis recruit even though the son did not play tennis competitively.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-Anticipating that other parents scheduled for sentencing in the weeks ahead might follow Mr. Semprevivo’s lead and hire similar consultants, Judge Talwani warned: “I maybe should say to you, before I get nine more of these: I don’t feel I need an expert report from a criminologist to tell me how to rule here, particularly where it’s the same criminologist that’s going to be probably presenting for everybody in L.A.”

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-Hiring consultants for criminal sentencings is perfectly legal, and former prosecutors said they did not fault defendants for drawing on expert help to try to avoid going to prison. Lawyers for poor defendants also sometimes submit videos or reports from sentencing consultants or mitigation experts during sentencing. But public defenders and court-appointed lawyers have limited budgets for commissioning such materials.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-Judge Talwani sentenced Mr. Sloane and Mr. Semprevivo, who were among the first parents in the case to be sentenced, each to four months in prison — less than prosecutors had sought, but more than defense lawyers had argued for. Each man had pleaded guilty to a single count of conspiracy to commit mail fraud and honest services mail fraud; the judge calculated that the four-month sentences fell within federal guidelines.





                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-The actress Felicity Huffman — whose lawyers commissioned and submitted a statistical analysis of sentences for similar defendants — was sentenced to 14 days in prison for conspiring to cheat on her daughter’s SAT exam.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-A lawyer for Mr. Semprevivo did not respond to questions about his sentencing presentation. One of Mr. Sloane’s lawyers, Nathan J. Hochman, defended Mr. Sloane’s proposed community service project and said it was an effort not to avoid punishment but to give back to society in a substantive way.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野结衣一二三级-“The judge has 11 parents to sentence,” Mr. Hochman said of Judge Talwani. “Let’s say that instead of giving each of them 14 days to six months in prison, she gave each parent 2,000 hours of community service. Imagine what 22,000 hours of very productive, hands-on community service could do for society.”

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野结衣露出作品-Another group of 19 parents, including the actress Lori Loughlin, who is accused of paying bribes to get her two daughters admitted to U.S.C., is fighting the charges. Those parents’ lawyers appeared in court on Wednesday to discuss the progress of the case.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波少野结衣-Harry Sandick, a former federal prosecutor and a partner at Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler in New York, said materials like sentencing videos or reports by sentencing consultants can give a judge a fuller picture of a defendant and put a crime in context.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-Thanks in part to smartphones, which make it easier for people to make simple videos, there is “some leveling of the playing field,” Mr. Sandick said. But the risks, he said, are clear: “You don’t want to create the impression that this is an attempt to manipulate the judge — that it’s too glossy.”

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      色婷婷亚洲婷婷7月-Mr. Hopwood, the Georgetown law professor, who spent more than a decade in prison for bank robbery before going to law school, said the purpose of a sentencing video was “to make the judge sweat” — for example, by showing the young children who would be affected by a parent going to prison. But he said that he had seen some sentencing videos “that look like they came from a Hollywood production team,” and that he did not think that was helpful.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣露出作品-The criminologist who wrote the report for Mr. Semprevivo, Sheila Balkan, said she focuses on humanizing a defendant and on proposing how the defendant can best be rehabilitated and pay a debt to society. She often helps get defendants into treatment programs and community service projects even before they are sentenced.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-“I’m helping somebody rebuild their life, whether or not they are incarcerated,” she said.

































                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      波多野结衣一二三级-Prosecutors in the admissions case have tried their best to turn the defendants’ sentencing presentations against them, suggesting that they point to a lack of contrition and a determination to avoid punishment. It appeared that some parents were getting the message that introducing extensive consultants’ reports could backfire. Materials submitted by defendants scheduled to be sentenced in the coming days appeared more restrained than those handed in for earlier parents. In some cases, the defendants and their lawyers even underscored their decision to reject expert help.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 波多野结衣一二三级-On Thursday, Gordon Caplan, a former co-chairman of a major New York law firm who pleaded guilty to paying $75,000 to cheat on his daughter’s ACT exam, appeared in court. He had submitted letters under seal from two psychiatrists and a psychologist, and his lawyers said in a sentencing memo that Mr. Caplan had already been punished significantly by losing his job and his ability to practice law, at least for some time.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波多野结衣露出作品-But at the sentencing, one of Mr. Caplan’s lawyers, Joshua S. Levy, said, “He’s absolutely not making any argument to the court that he should get a lighter sentence because he comes from wealth or prestige — that’s a repulsive argument.”

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波少野结衣-Judge Talwani ordered Mr. Caplan to serve one month in prison.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波多野结衣露出作品-Agustin Huneeus, a Napa Valley vintner, who participated in both the test cheating and bribery schemes on behalf of his daughter, is scheduled to be sentenced on Friday. Prosecutors have argued that his conduct was especially egregious and that he should be sentenced to 15 months in prison.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波少野结衣-Mr. Huneeus’s lawyers argued in their sentencing memorandum in favor of two months of incarceration, plus a fine and community service. They drew a contrast between their client and the parents who have already gone before the judge.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波多野结衣露出作品-Mr. Huneeus, they noted, “has not hired experts (psychologists, criminologists or others) to explain or contextualize his conduct.”





                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波多野结衣一二三级-And Gregory Abbott, who is scheduled to be sentenced next week, along with his wife, for engaging in the test cheating scheme, began his letter to Judge Talwani by assuring her it was written without outside assistance.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          波少野结衣-“Despite the several ‘consultants’ who solicited me, insisting I needed them,” he wrote, “the following words are totally my own, as they should be.”

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Kate Taylor is a reporter on the National Desk, covering New England. She previously covered the New York City school system and other education issues. @katetaylornyt

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          A version of this article appears in print on , Section A, Page 1 of the New York edition with the headline: Parents in Admissions Scandal Hire Experts to Ease Sentences. Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | Subscribe